Well ladies and gentleman, I come here with great joy to announce that finally, I am a certified makeup artist! Below, is my final work called Freya: Artistic Makeup From The Aesthetics and Signs of Viking Culture (divided into 5 topics) for graduation in Senac Pro Makeup Class, which I received the highest grade! Yes, I’m so fucking happy!
I was motivated by this theme because I always admired the Viking society. Even after almost a thousand years, they continue to influence our culture in movies, series, runways, animations, comics and more. But what I love most about the Vikings is that the woman was valued and treated as equal by them. Then, I wanted to reproduce a female image in my work. I chose Freya because she’s the most powerful goddess in Nordic mythology and she is shrouded in mystery and magic.
So what Vikings really looked like?
There are just a few records in the history about the real appearance of the Vikings. Often, this appearance is linked to huge and hairy men with large horns. Data collected about their culture and appearance were documented by English Christians and puritans Arabs, giving rise to great reinterpretation by the dogmas of the Christian and Muslim religion. IE the cartoon “Viking horn” is intrinsically linked to the pagan and wild side of Scandinavian culture seen by those people, and not exactly to reality, especially after the Wagner opera in the XIX century, where the villains used this aesthetic. In a real life, hats with horns would not be practical in battle.
Archaeological findings conclude that the Vikings were an extremely vain and clean people compared to European and oriental culture. In excavations were found tweezers, hairbrushes, toothbrushes, nail and heard cleaners. Before the Bronze Age, the Vikings used tweezers to shape their eyebrows and after the Bronze Age, they used to shave some hairs. A chronicle of 1220 by Johns of Wallingford, describes that Viking used to wash their face and hair every morning, brushing hair and beard using elaborate hairstyles in both; change clothes regularly and take full baths weekly.
The Vikings lived until 40 or 50 years, and the physical appearance at the ripe age had marks and wrinkles on the skin due to the hard work as farmers and unconditional warriors. It was also about 8 to 10 cm lower than the current average human. It is very difficult to differentiate a female Scandinavian skeleton of a male, concluding that women had a more masculine appearance and men, a more feminine appearance. Most Danish Vikings were redhead and the Swedes, blond ones. Vikings who had dark hair usually bleached their hair from a solution made from ashes and fat, giving a yellow-blonde appearance.
The archaeologist Mannering said that the Vikings loved colors, especially blue and red. Despite regional differences, the Vikings used extremely colorful and patterned fabrics using blue pigments, red, yellow and black. They also used the concepts of luxury. Only certain people from certain social classes could use tissues considered “fine” for being exclusive.
The men used long braided beards and shaved short hair at the back of the head or on the sides. They had erected posture and were extremely elegant. They wore pointy shoes and socks with ribbons.
Single women used hair down, married women were using the up hairdos, usually with a bun above the nape and sometimes covered with scarves or colored ribbons. But overall, they hadn’t elaborated hairstyles as men had, although they used props like fabric hats (colonies of Norway) or bands on the forehead (colonies of Sweden). They wore long dresses or skirts, usually layered due to the cold, creating extremely admired textures in Europe.
The body painting between men and women was the same, often linked to religious events, using lots of black and red, especially around the eyes.
From Old Norse, her name means Lady. She is one of the preeminent goddess in Norse mythology. She is a member of Vanir divine tribe but became an honorary member of the Æsir before the Æsir-Vanir War. Daughter of Njord and unknown mother – but could be Nerthus, goddess of fertility, or Skade, the sea goddess and Frey’s sister. His brother is Freyr and her husband is Óðr (or Odur – certainly another name for Odin, as Freya is characteristically also Frigg).
Freya is the goddess of sexuality, sensuality, fertility, love, beauty, attraction, lust, gold, war, death, magic and divination, music and flowers. Freya receives half of the dead souls in combat in his palace called Fólkvang, while Odin receives the other half at Valhalla. Strong personality, was mistress of various gods. It is represented as a voluptuous and attractive female entity. In a passage of the Eddas, it is mentioned that Loki accuses Freya of sleeping with all gods (probably true, due the sensual and libertine character of the goddess). She has blue eyes, freckles and brings a magical necklace, made by dwarfs, called Brisingamen.
Brisingamen (from brisinga: brilliant, shimmering, flaming) was a necklace forged by the dwarves Alfrigg, Berling, Dvalin and Grer. The few allowed to see the jewelry, said to be the most beautiful artifact they ever seen. Freya slept one night with each of the dwarves to get the necklace, as narrated in Sottr Thattr. It is supposedly made of gold, represented the sun and the cycle of day and night. In one part of Húsdrápa poem, it reports the theft of the necklace by Loki, which hid in Dreun (where the dead are and only gods can go and return) to Freya never found. When Freya was given the necklace disappearance account, his grief was such that all the souls around her shared her feeling, and everything went dark. Then, the goddess asked the help of Heimdall, and after a long battle, Heimdall won Loki, returning the necklace, joy and removing the dark. But attempting to leave Dreun, Hulda barred the passage. The only way they could go back was if Freya gave something to Hulda. Not wanting to get rid of her precious jewelry, Freya made a deal with Loki. The contract said that the Brisingamen would be for six months with Freya and Loki would stay with it during the other six months of the year. While Loki gets Brisingamen, Freya is distressed and falls back into despair, bringing once again the darkness around her. To hide her tears, all light, all life and all creatures join her in her terrible fate. This is why in the middle of the wheel of the year when Loki is with Brisingamen, Freya is desperate, darkness descends and the world becomes cold and chilly (winter). In the other half of the year when Freya receives again her jewelry, there are no limits to her happiness, then the darkness is replaced by light and the world becomes hot again (summer). This myth of the battle between Loki and Heimdall occurs in the sea and is perhaps related to the origin of one of Freya names: “Mardoll” the “Sea brightness” and the brightness here is the necklace stolen by Loki. During the battle, Freya was always looking, in heaven and on earth, by Odur, her lost husband, while she drop tears that turns into gold on land and amber at the sea.
Freya is the guardian of Völvas, women who dominated the practice of seiðr, the most organized form of Nordic magic. She was the first to bring and teach this art to the gods and then to humans. She had the power to control and change the desires, health, prosperity and the travel destination of mortals and gods. Freya is in the Norse mythology, a being unsurpassed in knowledge and power. The Goddess travelled in town to town teaching their craft gift, under the name of Heiðr (“Bright”). She eventually went to Asgard, home of the Æsir, who were thrilled with her power and carefully requested her services. But soon they realized that their values of honor, family loyalty and obedience were set aside for their selfish desires that sought to realize with Freya magic. Blaming the goddess, the Æsir called her Gullveig (“Greed-Gold”) and tried to murder her. Three times they tried to burn her, and three times she rose from the ashes. Because of this, the Æsir and Vanir began to hate and hostilities have become a war. Æsir fought for the classical rules of battle, with weapons and brute force, while the Vanir used more subtle means of magic. The war lasted until both sides were exhausted and no victory, then asking for a truce. As the Old Norse custom, the two sides agreed to pay a tribute to each other by sending hostages to live in the opposite tribe. Freya, Freyr and Njord the Vanir went to the Æsir, and Hœnir and Mimir went to the Vanir.
In Ragnarok, Freya survives the most of the gods, like Odin and Freyr, and their sacrifices would continue until the end of the cycle.
4. MY CREATION
- Natural facial skin , showing the freckles, one of the physical characteristic of the goddess Freya.
- Illuminated skin and body without evidence her muscles, referring to the fact of the goddess belong to the Vanir and use magic even in combat, rather than swords and brute force as the Æsir.
- PRODUCTS: Vult Rosa 02 Foundation, Anastasia Beverly Hills Dipbrow Pomade in Auburn, NYX Born To Glow Liquid Illuminator in Sunbeam, Anastasia Beverly Hills Contour Kit, Anastasia Beverly Hills Contour Cream Kit in Light.
- Goddess eyes with the use of ludic colors and elements and playful shapes without the use of concrete archetypes, referring to seidr, magic dominated by Freya.
- Light and bright colors representing the sacredness and kindness of the goddess and dark, heavy colors representing the profane and evil side of the goddess, understanding her as a dual being, holder of good and evil.
- Blue and purple colors in evidence in order to distance the goddess of the mortal standards.
- Golden tear duct referring to the fallen golden tears of the Freya’s cry.
- PRODUCTS: Anastasia Beverly Hills Eyeshadows in Star Cobalt, Iridescent Purple, Deep Brown and Noir; Anastasia Beverly Hills Waterproof Crème Colors in Ocean and Jet, NYX Loose Pearl Eye Shadow in Oro, Clinique High Impact Extreme Volume Mascara, House Of Lashes in Noir Fairy.
- Natural, just highlighted by referring to the magic words of seidr.
- PRODUCTS: Harlotte Cosmetics Lipshine gloss, NYX Loose Pearl Eye Shadow in Nude.
- Loose and messy hair in order to refer to the fact of the goddess, although married, be a libertine and free being. With wide waves in order to remit to sensuality.
- Flowers between the braids paying attention to the fact of Freya be the patron goddess of flowers.
- Brinsigamen necklace.
- Crown-band format, according to Viking aesthetics in order to break the oval archetype of the model’s face (romance, femininity, fragility), giving a rectangular / square forehead (seriousness, masculinity, strength) to deconstruct original model in order to highlight the duality of male and female characteristics of the goddess.
- Rings, bracelets and crown in golden colors in order to refer to gold and wealth, the goddess characteristics.
- Without combat weapons as a result of the Goddess origin as Vanir and their seidr domain, unlike the Æsir.
- Long dress, from the Viking aesthetics, with a large neckline showing her lap, representing sensuality and debauchery of Freya.
- As a major goddess, the dress is white to distinguish the colored tones used by mortals.
- Fake animal fur referring to the Scandinavian robes.